COVID Has Killed About As Many Americans As The 1918-19 Flu

FILE - In this Thursday, March 19, 2020 file photo, a patient is taken on a stretcher into the United Memorial Medical Center after going through testing for COVID-19 in Houston. People were lined up in their cars in a line that stretched over two miles to be tested in the drive-thru testing for coronavirus. (AP Photo/David J. Phillip, File)

COVID-19 has now killed about as many Americans as the 1918-19 Spanish flu pandemic did — approximately 675,000.

The U.S. population a century ago was just one-third of what it is today, meaning the flu cut a much bigger, more lethal swath through the country. But the COVID-19 crisis is by any measure a colossal tragedy in its own right, especially given the incredible advances in scientific knowledge since then and the failure to take maximum advantage of the vaccines available this time.

“Big pockets of American society — and, worse, their leaders — have thrown this away,” medical historian Dr. Howard Markel of the University of Michigan said of the opportunity to vaccinate everyone eligible by now.

Like the Spanish flu, the coronavirus may never entirely disappear from our midst. Instead, scientists hope it becomes a mild seasonal bug as human immunity strengthens through vaccination and repeated infection. That could take time.

“We hope it will be like getting a cold, but there’s no guarantee,” said Emory University biologist Rustom Antia, who suggests an optimistic scenario in which this could happen over a few years.

For now, the pandemic still has the United States and other parts of the world firmly in its jaws.

While the delta-fueled surge in new infections may have peaked, U.S. deaths still are running at over 1,900 a day on average, the highest level since early March, and the country’s overall toll stood at just over 674,000 as of midday Monday, according to data collected by Johns Hopkins University, though the real number is believed to be higher.

Winter may bring a new surge, with the University of Washington’s influential model projecting an additional 100,000 or so Americans will die of COVID-19 by Jan. 1, which would bring the overall U.S. toll to 776,000.

The 1918-19 influenza pandemic killed 50 million victims globally at a time when the world had one-quarter the population it does now. Global deaths from COVID-19 now stand at more than 4.6 million.

The Spanish flu’s U.S. death toll is a rough guess, given the incomplete records of the era and the poor scientific understanding of what caused the illness. The 675,000 figure comes from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The ebbing of COVID-19 could happen if the virus progressively weakens as it mutates and more and more humans’ immune systems learn to attack it. Vaccination and surviving infection are the main ways the immune system improves. Breast-fed infants also gain some immunity from their mothers.

Under that optimistic scenario, schoolchildren would get mild illness that trains their immune systems. As they grow up, the children would carry the immune response memory, so that when they are old and vulnerable, the coronavirus would be no more dangerous than cold viruses.

The same goes for today’s vaccinated teens: Their immune systems would get stronger through the shots and mild infections.

“We will all get infected,” Antia predicted. “What’s important is whether the infections are severe.”

Something similar happened with the H1N1 flu virus, the culprit in the 1918-19 pandemic. It encountered too many people who were immune, and it also eventually weakened through mutation. H1N1 still circulates today, but immunity acquired through infection and vaccination has triumphed.

Getting an annual flu shot now protects against H1N1 and several other strains of flu. To be sure, flu kills between 12,000 and 61,000 Americans each year, but on average, it is a seasonal problem and a manageable one.

Before COVID-19, the 1918-19 flu was universally considered the worst pandemic disease in human history. Whether the current scourge ultimately proves deadlier is unclear.

In many ways, the 1918-19 flu — which was wrongly named Spanish flu because it first received widespread news coverage in Spain — was worse.

Spread by the mobility of World War I, it killed young, healthy adults in vast numbers. No vaccine existed to slow it, and there were no antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections. And, of course, the world was much smaller.

Yet jet travel and mass migrations threaten to increase the toll of the current pandemic. Much of the world is unvaccinated. And the coronavirus has been full of surprises.

Markel said he is continually astounded by the magnitude of the disruption the pandemic has brought to the planet.

“I was gobsmacked by the size of the quarantines” the Chinese government undertook initially, Markel said, “and I’ve since been gob-gob-gob-smacked to the nth degree.” The lagging pace of U.S. vaccinations is the latest source of his astonishment.

Just under 64% of the U.S. population has received as least one dose of the vaccine, with state rates ranging from a high of approximately 77% in Vermont and Massachusetts to lows around 46% to 49% in Idaho, Wyoming, West Virginia and Mississippi.

Globally, about 43% of the population has received at least one dose, according to Our World in Data, with some African countries just beginning to give their first shots.

“We know that all pandemics come to an end,” said Dr. Jeremy Brown, director of emergency care research at the National Institutes of Health, who wrote a book on influenza. “They can do terrible things while they’re raging.”

COVID-19 could have been far less lethal in the U.S. if more people had gotten vaccinated faster, “and we still have an opportunity to turn it around,” Brown said. “We often lose sight of how lucky we are to take these things for granted.”

The current vaccines work extremely well in preventing severe disease and death from the variants of the virus that have emerged so far.

It will be crucial for scientists to make sure the ever-mutating virus hasn’t changed enough to evade vaccines or to cause severe illness in unvaccinated children, Antia said.

If the virus changes significantly, a new vaccine using the technology behind the Pfizer and Moderna shots could be produced in 110 days, a Pfizer executive said Wednesday. The company is studying whether annual shots with the current vaccine will be required to keep immunity high.

One plus: The coronavirus mutates at a slower pace than flu viruses, making it a more stable target for vaccination, said Ann Marie Kimball, a retired University of Washington professor of epidemiology.

So, will the current pandemic unseat the 1918-19 flu pandemic as the worst in human history?

“You’d like to say no. We have a lot more infection control, a lot more ability to support people who are sick. We have modern medicine,” Kimball said. “But we have a lot more people and a lot more mobility. … The fear is eventually a new strain gets around a particular vaccine target.”

To those unvaccinated individuals who are counting on infection rather than vaccination for immune protection, Kimball said, “The trouble is, you have to survive infection to acquire the immunity.” It’s easier, she said, to go to the drugstore and get a shot.

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2 years ago

As the story points out, the population then was much less than now. Our plague is bad enough. Their was three times as bad.

2 years ago

Better headline
More people killed by medical malpractice, neglect, starvation, depression, suicide and more…. I have had countless hospitalized people tell me in 2020 how they were left alone for hours upon hours, not fed (some for over 24 hours), IV not changed, nurse call buttons removed, and basically left to fend for themselves in a locked hospital room with no caregivers or family allowed. An elderly or very ill person would not last long under those conditions. It would trigger a domino effect of fatal proportion.
Furthermore was the heavy suppression of alternate therapies of mild and safe drugs. Instead they bring in a “lifesaving” experimental drug (Remd.) which in previous trials (for Ebola) was proven so deadly the trials stopped in the middle.
No doubt covid is dangerous
But many many more people died because of stupid and downright harmful medical practice
For example
Why did nurses need to change their very limited PPP every patient? If they combined all their covid patients they could just change gloves etc
Instead they wasted PPP and time changing their gear every patient
This is common sense

2 years ago

But that flu wasn’t a man made bio weaponized virus as this one was.

Chaim Eluzer
Chaim Eluzer
2 years ago

These guys are all nuts – no one died from covid They were hearth conditions, car accidents and the regular flu, but the democrat’s, doctors, or fear mongers blame everything on Covid.
See how stupid these remarks by charedim sound !

Trusted Member
2 years ago

The ebbing of COVID-19 could happen if the virus progressively weakens as it mutates and more and more humans’ immune systems learn to attack it.”

This is cultish and close to outright atheism. The human immune system innately fights off foreign bodies. If the body is weak, such as with older age or because of underlying conditions, there would be more of a need to rely on densely nutritive substances besides those in healthy foods – such as through replenishing minerals and alkaloids found in herbs.

Also, ‘Covid cases’ are wildly inflated by the US (and W.H.O.) advisements – there is a 13-17k funds allotment for a ‘Covid determination’, and a 37-38k funds dispersement when a ‘Covid patient’ is placed on a ventilator. Check it out. In India and the EU, Ivermectin, hydroxlchloloquine, monoclonal antibodies and supplements are now given almost exclusively. Sweden never went along with the ‘W.H.O.’ and the Rockefeller’s New World Order’ Covid advisements and have fared better than other countries – also with little loss to their economy.

On top of this of course, is the fact that the shots being given and offered are still completely under experimental license without any recourse whatsoever for damages of any kind. As the age old adage goes: ‘Caveat Emptor’. (The FDA approved ‘Comirnaty’ is not planned to be used in the US, one reason is that the manufacturers would then be subject to injury lawsuits).

Someone with half brain
Someone with half brain
2 years ago

The medical establishment and media with their cronies in the dem party are fully responsible.

2 years ago

Oh, so it isn’t a ‘mild cold’ that can be cured with bleach. How many more will perish due to no masks, crowding, anti-vax???