Some Body Make Me More Koolaid, Please! Opening Soda Bottles on Shabbos

5

By Rabbi Yair Hoffman for 5tjt.com

Join our WhatsApp group

Many people get confused when it comes to the issue of opening various drink or food items on Shabbos.  Since every so often manufacturing processes change, it is important to understand the underlying issues – instead of just getting rulings as to whether one can or can’t open the item.  What follows is an easy way to remember the underlying issues in the opening of cans, bottles and other packages or containers on Shabbos:  Some Body Make Me More KoolAid, Please!

The observant reader will realize that this is a mnemonic device because of the bolded first letters.  Some Body stands for Sosair and Boineh.  Make Me More stands for Makeh b’patish, Mechataich and Mochaik. KoolAid stands for Korayah. And Please stands for Pre-opening.

Now let’s look at each.

  • Sosair – Sosair means destroying. From a Torah perspective it is forbidden when it is done for a constructive benefit.  However, Chazal enacted a Rabbinic prohibition – even when there is no benefit at all.
  • Boneh – Completing or forming a vessel or utensil. When dealing with metal bottle caps that leave a seal behind, opening it normally makes the cap into a functional utensil.  Some poskim hold that   since before unscrewing it serves as a seal and it now becomes a cap which may be used as a cover.
  • Makeh BePatish – finishing the utensil, applying the final hammer-blow, or making an opening.
  • Mechataich – cutting or tearing to a specific desired size or within the parameters of a desired size
  • Mochaik – erasing letters or words
  • Koraya – tearing
  • Please – Pre-opening all food items so we do not come to a violation.

MECHATAICH

Some poskim prohibit opening all bottle caps that leave a ring or perforate along the edge. Rav Elyashiv zt”l considers it Mechatech (cited in Orchos Shabbos Vol. I 12:18 note 31, Me’or haShabbos, Vol. II, p. 551).  Rav Nissim Karelitz zt”l considers it Makeh b’patish (Chut Shaini, Shabbos, Vol. II, p. 274).

MOCHAIK

Virtually all contemporary poskim rule that one may not open bottle caps that are stamped with the date of production, and the letter formation will be erased or broken when the bottle cap is opened. Even though erasing is only forbidden biblically when one wishes to write in that area – it is Rabbinically forbidden even if one is not planning on writing.  However, when one places the cap back on the bottle, the dates can re-form.

KORAYA

The laws of Koraya, ripping, are subject to debate – on account of different approaches to how to understand a Tosefta.  The Tosefta in Beitzah (3:9) cited by the Mishna Brurah (314:25) writes as follows:   “It is permitted on Shabbos to rip the skin off of the top of a barrel [as long as one does not intend to create a spout].” The question is why this is permitted since it involves tearing on Shabbos.

The Chazon Ish (OC 51:13 and 61:2) explains that the skins are ripped destructively and therefore, it is permitted.

It is permitted because the ripping is done in a destructive manner. The person who opens the barrel has no interest in preserving the cover for later use. A Shabbos melacha done in a destructive manner is not considered a melachah and is permissible even mi-d’Rabbanan. The Chazon Ish permits ripping off a salami wrapper, for example, since the wrapping is destroyed while it is being ripped. Thus, according to this approach, it is permitted to rip something on Shabbos only if the packaging will be destroyed as it is being opened.

Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Shmiras Shabbos K’hilchasa 9 note 12), this Chazon Yechezkel (in his hashmatos to the Tosefta in Shabbos) and the Shvisas HaShabbos (12b) all explain the Tosefta differently. They write that the skin is batel (subordinate) to the barrel and it is no different than removing a peel which is permitted (See SA OC 314:8).

As long as one is tearing for the sake of removing contents from a package, it is permissible to tear. According to this approach, it makes no difference if the package is destroyed in the process or not; even if the wrapper remains partially intact and is able to retain its contents, tearing is permitted. Still, even according to this view, it is forbidden to tear the packaging with the intent of reusing at a later date, since in that case one is completing the formation of a utensil on Shabbos—Makeh b’patish.

This debate has ramifications for opening cans on Shabbos as well. According to Chazon Ish when one opens a can one “completes the formation of a utensil.” Before the can was opened it was a “closed shell,” unusable as a utensil. After it is opened it becomes a container which can serve as a utensil. Since it was not destroyed in the process of being opened, it is forbidden to be opened on Shabbos. [In the view of the Tehillah l’Dovid (314:12), opening a can is not “completing the formation of a utensil” but rather “breaking an existing utensil” which is also prohibited on Shabbos.]

Other poskim do not consider opening a can as “completing the formation of a utensil” [nor do they consider opening a can as “breaking an existing utensil”]. In their view, since cans are generally discarded after their contents are removed, no usable utensil is created. Opening a can is merely like the peeling off of a “shell,” which is a permissible activity. Indeed, if the can is made from durable material which is meant to last and be reused in the future, then it is prohibited according to all poskim to open it on Shabbos, since none of the leniencies mentioned above apply.

BOTTLE CAPS

Bottle caps which lift off with a bottle opener may be removed according to both the  Mishnah Berurah (314:17) and the Chazon Ish (OC 51:11). However, most modern bottle caps  either leave a ring around the bottle neck or perforate along the edge when the bottle is opened – which creates many of the problems mentioned above.  There are a number of ways to open a soda bottle on Shabbos.

  • One method that was popularized in Rav Uren Reich’s Yeshiva is to partially open the soda bottle and leave the ring intact and then squeeze the soda out of the bottle through the cap.
  • Another method is to puncture a hole in the cap and then open the cap (See Shmiras Shabbos K’hilchasa 9:18).
  • A third method is to make a bigger hole in the cap and use it as the spout (Orchos Shabbos Vol. I12:30).

And, of course, as much as possible one should Pre-open all food items.

To be continued (b’ezras Hashem).

The author can be reached at [email protected]


Listen to the VINnews podcast on:

iTunes | Spotify | Google Podcasts | Stitcher | Podbean | Amazon

Follow VosIzNeias For Breaking News Updates


Connect with VINnews

Join our WhatsApp group


5 Comments
Most Voted
Newest Oldest
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments